Cómo citar
VIJAY A. (2019). UN ARGUMENTO PARA LA PERSONALIDAD JURÍDICA INTERNACIONAL DE LAS CIUDADES Y LOS GOBIERNOS LOCALES SUBNACIONALES. Novum Jus, 13(1), 165-182. Recuperado a partir de https://editorial.ucatolica.edu.co/index.php/Juridica/article/view/2091

Resumen

En 2008, con la mitad de la población mundial compuesta por habitantes urbanos,* hubo una conciencia creciente de que las ciudades se han convertido en el sitio más prominente para la desnacionalización que va de acuerdo con la creciente globalización.** De hecho, los autores afirman que incluso la globalización tiene un foco definido: la ciudad.*** Las ciudades están reconfigurando sus relaciones con otras ciudades y con instituciones globales en un intento por asegurar la relevancia. Las ciudades están afirmando rápidamente su influencia en el orden jurídico internacional, que no acepta formalmente a estas entidades como personas internacionales. El artículo propone reconocer la personalidad jurídica internacional de estas unidades subnacionales, utilizando diferentes enfoques teóricos de la personalidad internacional, incluidos los derechos humanos y los enfoques sociológicoconstructivistas.De igual manera, busca analizar los derechos y deberes de las ciudades en el derecho internacional, su reconocimiento de facto en el marco internacional, así como el desarrollo de los principios internacionales que rigen las ciudades.

Licencia

Derechos de autor 2019 ANIRUDH VIJAY

Creative Commons License
Esta obra está bajo licencia internacional Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial 4.0.

Citas

Awiti, Alex. ?Building Cities for a Bulging World.? Urban Gateway. Available from http://www.urbangateway.org/content/news/building-cities-bulging-world-analysis.

Benvenisti, Eyal. The International Law of Occupation. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Benvenisti, Eyal. Sharing Transboundary Resources. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Blank, Yishai. ?The City and the World,? Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 44, No. 3 (2006).

Brownlie, Ian. Principles of Public International Law. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Brownlie, Ian. The Rule of Law in International Affairs: International Law at the Fiftieth Anniversary of the United Nations. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1998.

Dicey, Albert Venn. Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution. 5th ed. London: Macmillan, 1897.

Child Friendly Cities Initiative. Available from: http://childfriendlycities.org/ (accessed Nov. 1, 2017).

Gierke, Otto von. Deutsches Privatrecht. Ester Band. Allgemeiner Teil und Personenrecht. Leipzig, 1895.
Hongju Koh, Harold. ?1998 Frankel Lecture: Bringing International Law Home.? Faculty Scholarship Series, Paper 2102, 1998.

Hurd, Ian. ?Constructivism,? in Christian Reus-Smit and Duncan Snidal (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of International Relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability. Submission of ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability on ways to enhance the engagement of observer organizations, 2010.
Available from: www.unfccc.int/resource/docs/2010/smsn/ngo/209.pdf (accessed Oct. 15, 2017).

International Coalition of Inclusive and Sustainable Cities ? ICCAR. Available from: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/social-and-human-sciences/themes/fight-againstdiscrimination/coalition-of-cities/ (accessed Nov. 1, 2017).

International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. The Responsibility to Protect: Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty.
Ottawa: International Development Research Centre, 2011.

International Court of Justice. Reparation for Injuries Suffered in the Service of the United Nations. Advisory Opinion, April 11, 1949. Available from https://www.icj-cij.org/en/case/4.

Jackson, Robert and Georg Sorensen. Introduction to International Relations Theories and Approaches. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Kelley, Glen. ?Multilateral Investment Treaties: A Balanced Approach to Multinational Corporations,? Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 39, No. 2 (2001): 482-532.

Morgan, Glennisha. ?Venice to Cut Ties with St. Petersburg over Anti-Gay Law,?Huffington Post (January 30, 2013).

Nijman, Janne. ?Non-State Actors and the International Rule of Law: Revisiting the ?Realist Theory? of International Legal Personality,? in Math Noortmann and Cedric Ryngaert (eds.), Non-State Actors Dynamics in International Law: From Law-Takers
to Law-Makers, 91-124. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing, 2010.

Nijman, Janne. ?The Future of the City and the International Law of the Future,? in Sam Muller et al. (eds.), Law of the Future and the Future of Law, 213-230. Oslo: Torkel Opsahl Academic Epublisher, 2011.

Nijman, Janne E. ?Renaissance of the City as Global Actor: The Role of Foreign Policy and International Law Practices in the Construction of Cities as Global Actors,?in The Transformation of Foreign Policy: Drawing and Managing Boundaries from
Antiquity to the Present, 209-239. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Papisca, Antonio. ?International law and human rights as a legal basis for the international involvement of local governments,? in Arne Musch et al. (eds.), City Diplomacy: The Role of Local Governments in Conflict Prevention, Peacebuilding, and Post-Conflict
Reconstruction, 27-46. The Hague: VNG International, 2008.

Sassen, Saskia. Territory, Authority, Rights. From Medieval to Global Assemblages. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006.

Sassen, Saskia. The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Setzer, Joana. ?How Subnational Governments Are Rescaling Environmental Governance: The Case Of The Brazilian State Of São Paulo.? Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning 19, No. 5 (2017): 1-17.

The City of Yokohama Mumbai Representative Office. Available from: http://www.yokohama-mumbai.com/ (accessed Oct. 15, 2017).

The Mexico City Pact ?Global Cities Covenant on Climate? and the carbonn® Cities Climate Registry. ?Local climate action the world can count on.? Available from: www.unfccc.int/files/conference_programme/application/pdf/mxcpact_cccr_final.
pdf (accessed Oct. 15, 2017).

Thürer, Daniel. ?The Emergence of Non-Governmental Organizations and Transnational Enterprises in International Law and the Changing Role of the State,? in Rainer Hofmann (ed.), Non-State Actors as New Subjects of International Law, 37-58 (Berlin:
Duncker & Humblot, 1999).

UN Documents Cooperation Circles. ?Agenda 21, Chapter 18. Protection of the quality and supply of freshwater resources.? Available from: http://www.un-documents.
net/a21-18.htm (accessed Nov. 1, 2017).

United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat) and World Association of Cities and Local Authorities Coordination (WACLAC). Towards a world charter of local self-government. May 1998. Available from: www.gdrc.org/u-gov/charter.
html (accessed Oct. 15, 2017).

United Nations. ?Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.? General Assembly Resolution 53/144, A/RES/53/144 (March 8, 1999).

Vygotsky, Lev S. Mind in Society. Harvard University Press, 1978.
Wendt, Alexander. Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Wendt, Alexander. ?Anarchy is what States Make of it: The Social Construction of Power Politics,? International Organization 46, No. 2 (1992): 391-425.

Wessel, Ramses A. ?Informal International Law-Making as a New Form of World Legislation?? International Organizations Law Review 8 (2011): 253-265.
Sistema OJS 3 - Metabiblioteca |