How to Cite
Ospina Enciso Ángela J. (2015). Un análisis comparativo entre la relación de distribución de ingreso y la integración económica regional en Asia Oriental y América Latina. Revista Finanzas Y Política Económica, 3(1), 107-127. Retrieved from https://editorial.ucatolica.edu.co/index.php/RFYPE/article/view/532

Abstract

Este trabajo analiza la relación entre la desigualdad y la integración económica regional de facto durante las últimas dos décadas en América Latina y la región de Asia Oriental y el Pacífico, centrándose en las exportaciones intraregionales. La globalización ha sido considerada como una causa de desigualdad. Sin embargo, los modelos de promoción de exportaciones son asociados con altas tasas de crecimiento económico. Los modelos de promoción de exportaciones han sido más dinámicos en Asia Oriental que en América Latina, a través del desarrollo de redes de suministro de bienes intermedios y finales. Las preguntas de investigación exploran la relación entre desigualdad y los patrones del comercio intra-regional de facto. El análisis empírico hace uso de un panel de datos con efectos fijos, con una matriz de covarianza consistente ante heterocedasticidad. Los resultados muestran que los incrementos en comercio intra-regional están asociados con una reducción de la desigualdad, más en la región de Asia Oriental y el Pacífico que en América Latina. La contribución de este trabajo es la introducción del comercio intra-regional como un nuevo factor que es asociado negativamente a la desigualdad.

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